1200 Brigittenau


Pages: 20 + cover
Edition: 5 + artists copy (first edition)


5 in stock

Buy a print


Adolf-Schmidl-Gasse, named on January 19, 1910 after Adolf Anton Schmidl.

Adolf Anton Schmidl, born on May 18, 1802 in Bad Königswart, Bohemia, died on November 20, 1863 in Budapest. He was an Austrian topographer, geographer, speleologist and writer, and professor at the Josephs Polytechnic in Ofen. He developed speleology (caving) as an independent scientific discipline.

Schmidl attended the Vienna Academic High School from 1812 to 1818 and then studied law and philosophy.

From 1833 he worked as an educator in the Lobkowitz family. After the revolution of 1848 he became a member of the Vienna City Council and held this office until 1850. From 1848 to 1852 he taught art history and geography at the university and at the Polytechnic Institute, until he received a professorship for history, geography and statistics at the Josephs Polytechnic in Ofen in 1857.

Adolf Schmidl traveled  large parts of the Habsburg monarchy and wrote some travel diaries about it. In the karst landscape of what is now Slovenia, he explored the caves there (examples: Adelsberg caves, Škocjan caves, Pivka Jama), whereby he developed a new scientific approach to it, which he also tried out in caves in other parts of the country. For this branch of research, which soon became independent, he coined the term “caving”. In the period from 1844 to 1848 he was the editor of the renowned popular science magazine Österreichische Blätter für Literatur und Kunst, Geographie, Geschichte, Statistik und Naturkunde.